NAVARATRI-DASARA-GOLU

Nava-ratri literally means Nine nights, followed by Vijayadashami, where  Chamundi kills Mahishasura(demon)

The first three days are devoted to Durga (to destroy all our vices, impurities, and defects). The next three day set is devoted to Lakshmi (the giver of spiritual and material wealth), and the last set is devoted to Saraswati (the goddess of wisdom).

Sarasvati Puja is  observed on the seventh day of  Navaratri  where books are worshiped. The books are placed for Puja on the Ashtami day in own houses, and pooja is offered for Knowledge..







Ayudha Puja is observed on Ninth day of  Navaratri . It is celebrated with the worship of implements used in daily life such as computers, books, vehicles, or kitchen tools. The effort to see the divine in the tools and objects one uses in daily life is central to this celebration, so it includes all tools that help one earn one's livelihood.


                    


Vijayadashami is observed on 10th day, this marks the victory of godess Durga over Demons. And this day is considered to be very Auspicious for marriage or start any new thing..

Story of  MahiShasura.

Mahishasura's father Rambha was king of the Asuras(Demon), and he once fell in love with a Water Buffalo(Princess Shyamala, cursed to be a buffalo) Mahishasura was born out of this union. He is therefore able to change between human and buffalo form at will (mahisha is Sanskrit word for buffalo).







Mahishasura  got boon from Brahma and was very powerful,  and became invincible. He started terrorising people, and occupied heaven and drove all Devas. When devas learnt  he is Invincible and only Devi Jaganmatha can defeat him, they all joined their energies into shakti.  A very powerful
band of lightning emerged from the mouths of  Brahma, vishnu and shiva and a young, beautiful female virgin with ten hands appeared. All the Gods gave their special weapons to her. This Shakti coalesced to form the goddess Durga. Riding on a lion, who assisted her. Durga fought Mahishasura. The battle raged for nine days and nights. Finally on the tenth day of Ashvin shukla paksha, Mahishasura was defeated and killed by Durga. Durga is therefore called Mahishasura-Mardini (literally the slayer of the buffalo demon), the destroyer of Mahishasura.




                           



Dasara and Dasara Procession in Mysore

Dasara is the Nadahabba (state-festival) of the state of  Karnataka.Name mysore is been derived from Demon Mahishasura. The city of Mysore has a long tradition of celebrating the Dasara festival and the festivities there are an elaborate affair, attracting a large audience including foreigners. The Dasara festival completed 400th anniversary in year 2010. The Dasara festivities were first started by the Vijayanagar Kings in 15th Century, after the fall of Vijayanagar Kingdom, The Wodeyar's of Mysore continued the Dasara Festival by, Raja Wodeyar I (1578-1617 CE) in the year 1610 at Srirangapatna. Mysore Palace is lit up on all the 10 days of Dasara.The festivities begin with the Wodeyar royal couple performing a special pooja to Goddess Chamundeshwari in the chamaundi Temple located on the top of chamundi Hill,Msyore. This would be followed by a special durbar (royal assembly).  It was during the reign of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III in the year 1805, when the king started the tradition of having a special durbar in the Mysore Palace during Dasara; which was attended by members of the royal family, special invitees, officials and the masses. This tradition has been continued even now with the current scion of the Wodeyar  family, Srikantadatta Narasimharaja Wodeyar holding a private durbar during Dasara.





 


Dasara Procession

On Vijaydasahmi, the traditional Dasara procession (locally known as Jumboo Savari) is held on the streets of Mysore city. The main attraction of this procession is the idol of the Goddess Chamundeshwari which is placed on a golden mantapa on  the top of a decorated elephant. This idol is worshipped by the royal couple and other invitees before it is taken around in the procession. Colourful tableaux, dance groups, music bands, decorated elephants, horses and camels form a part of the procession which starts from the mysore palace and culminates at a place called Bannimantap where the banni tree (Prosopis spicigera) is worshipped

 




 Golu or Bombe habba or BommalaKoluvu.

There is a practise in south India to  exhibit of various dolls and figurines in odd (usually 7, 9, or 11) numbered tiers ("padis"). Important among dolls is , boy and a girl together called 'Marapacchi' Bommai..






Legend is ,since the goddess Durga needed tremendous power, all other gods and goddesses transferred their power to her and they all stood still as statues. To respect the self-sacrifice of these deities during the festival days, Hindus revere morities, which are small statues in the shape of particular gods and goddesses. People  do different theme each year and display colurful toys. When people come to a person's house to see the Kolu, usually they are given prasadam. Kumkum,tambula and a small bag of gifts.


                       


In the evening of "Vijayadasami", any one doll from the "Kolu" is symbolically put to sleep and the Kalasam is moved a bit towards North to mark the end of that year's Navaratri Kolu. Prayers are offered to thank God for the successful completion of that year's Kolu and with a hope of a successful one the next year. Then the Kolu is dismantled and packed up for the next year.







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